Research – Environmental

UK statistics on Waste (2010-2014)
by Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (link)

‘Total waste’ stats:

  • The UK generated 200.0 million tonnes of total waste in 2012. Half of this (50 per cent) was generated by Construction. Commercial & Industrial activities generated almost a quarter (24 per cent), with households responsible for a further 14 per cent.
  • Almost half (50.0 per cent) of the 186.2 million tonnes of total waste that entered final treatment in the UK in 2012 was recovered. The proportion that went to landfill was 26.1 per cent (of 186.2m tonnes).

Waste from households:

  • UK Waste from Households generation increased by 3.3% in 2014 compared to 2013, following year on year falls 2010-13.
  • Despite that, amount of waste that was recycled has been constantly increasing with each year. => people / government more environmentally conscious 
  • The UK achieved a recycling rate of 44.9 per cent in 2014 compared to 40.4 per cent in 2010. There is an EU target for the UK to recycle at least 50 per cent of household waste by 2020. => target good for my app

Biodegradable municipal waste (BMW):

  • UK BMW sent to landfill in 2014 was 8.7 million tonnes (!). = 8,700,000, 000 kg 
  • UK tonnage of BMW to Landfill has reduced each year between 2010 and 2014 and levels have fallen considerably since 1995.

Recovery rate from non-hazardous construction & demolition waste:

  • UK generated 44.8 million tonnes of non- hazardous C&D waste, of which 38.8 million tonnes was recovered. This represents a recovery rate of 86.5%.


Zero Waste Europe response to Eurostat data for 2014 (link)

  • In general terms, the countries which are performing well in waste treatment seem to be unable to reduce their waste generation, while the most efficient ones in terms of waste generation tend to be unable to reintroduce materials into the economy through recycling and composting.



Consequences that come with landfilling and incineration:

  • Production of (extremely flammable) methane gas, that contributed to greenhouse effect.
  • Attraction of vermin.
  • Production of dioxin.
  • Air pollution.
  • Acid rain.
  • Water pollution
  • Soil contamination -> Negative impact on animals’ and people’s health.
  • Municipal wellbring suffering / recycling revenue declining.
  • Hazardous substances entering surface water, groundwater or soil.



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